英语

B6U3 Reading: Advice from Grandad

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Teaching Objectives
1.       Language aims: to know the Chinese meaning of useful words and expressions in this part like adolescent, due to, tough, addict, be accustomed to, withdrawal, mentally, quit, effects, lungs, pregnant, abnormal, breathless, unfit, strengthen, feel like, desperate, chemist, etc; to know the harmful effects of smoking and how to stop smoking.
2.       Ability aims: to get specific information from listening; to improve reading abilities like skimming, scanning, summarizing the main idea and sorting out major details; to persuade people to give up smoking and to give proper and effective advice on how to stop smoking.
3.       Affection aims: to raise the awareness of the harmful effects of smoking; to foster a healthy life mode; to develop a sense of cooperation.
Important Points
1.       to summarize the main idea and to sort out specific information from the passage.
2.       to persuade people to give up smoking in English using the information from the text.
3.       to give proper and effective suggestions on how to stop smoking.
Difficult Points
To sort out major details in the reading passage; to persuade others give up smoking and give advice on how to quit smoking in English.
Teaching Aids: CAI
Teaching Procedure
Step I Greetings
Step II Lead-in
Look at the picture and describe the picture. Smoking means gradually killing yourself.
Step III Warming up
Task 1 What harms can smoking cause? Look at pictures and fill in the blanks.
The leaves of lung turn _______; Smoking can cause _________.
The teeth & fingers become ______. Smoking may cause ___________.
The ends of cigarettes may_________.It is a waste of _______.
Smoking affects the health of ___________, especially pregnant women and the babies.
Step IV Pre-reading
Task 2 However, despite the great harm of smoking, many teenagers smoke. Why? (free talk)
Listen to a conversation and find out why the woman starts smoking and then give your opinions.
Why does the woman start smoking?
  1. Her boyfriend made her smoke.
  2. She often went to parties with her friends.
  3. She wanted to follow her friends’ example.
 “follow the general trend”
More reasons: to get away from study and work stress/ being cool
Step V While-reading
Skimming
Task 3 skim the passage and answer the question.
What is Grandad’s advice about?It is about how to quit smoking.
Provide tips on how to skim
Task 4 Skim the letter and find out the main idea of each paragraph.
Para.1 Grandad tells about the _____ he is living and the importance of a healthy life.
Para.2 Grandad was told that James ______.
Para.3 The _______ _________ _______ of becoming addicted to smoking.
Para.4 The _________ ________ of smoking.
Para.5 Grandad’s _____ for James and his advice on stopping smoking.
Scanning
Task 5 Read Paras. 1&2 and tell whether the following judgments are True or False.
  1. Grandad will be 82 years old in two weeks.                           (   )                                                                
  1. Grandad never smoked so he has been healthy.                         (   )
Task 6 ReadPara. 3 How many ways can you become addicted to smoking? (individual work)
Three ways
     How do you know? “First… / second…./ lastly…”
What are the three ways?
  1. First, you can become physically addicted to nicotine.
  2. Secondly, you become addicted through habit.
  3. Lastly, you can become mentally addicted.
Task 7 How many harmful effects of smoking are mentioned?(individual work)
1.            What are these effects?Smoking _______________________(造成可怕的伤害) your heart and lungs。
2.        It is more difficult for smoking couples to ______________(怀孕) and smoking ___________(伤害)their babies.
3.        Smoking ____________(影响健康)of non-smokers.
4.        Smokers ____________ (难闻)and their _______________(手指头) turn yellow.
5.        Smokers ________________ (喘不过气来)quickly.
6.        Smokers are unable to ____________ (享受运动) as much.
In what way did Grandad try to persuade his grandson to give up smoking?
   A. By using scientific theory
B. By telling his failure in love
C. By talking about his sports activity
D. By telling his own experience
Task 8 ReadPart 2 How can I stop smoking and find out how many suggestions are provided.
Six suggestions. What are the suggestions?
1.Prepare yourself  2.Be determined 3. Break the habit. 4. Relax. 5. Get help if you need it.
6. Keep trying
Repeat it according to the Chinese.
1.做好准备 ______________            2.下定决心 ______________
3. 破除旧习 ______________            4. 放松休息 ______________
5. 必要时找人帮忙_____________________6. 继续努力 ______________
Task 9 Read part 2 carefully and tell whether the following statements are True or False.
1.       Choose a day of an exam to quit smoking is a good idea.                          (   )                                                                                      
2. Reread the benefits you wrote to remind yourself if you feel like smoking.             (   )       
3. If you want to smoke, just sit there doing nothing.                                (   )
4. You can have a cigarette if you start to feel nervous or stressed.                      (   )
5. You can talk about your problems with friends, a doctor or chemist.                  (   )           
6. it’s shameful if you smoke a cigarette again.                                     (   )
Step VI Post-reading
Task 10 Discussion
Watch a video    It’s high time we quit smoking or we persuaded others to stop smoking!
Form groups of four and choose one topic to discuss.
1. Make a dialogue to persuade your friend, father,or relative to quit smoking.
2. Give advice to your friend, father or relative on how to stop smoking.
Useful expressions
do harm/ damage to…/difficult to become pregnant/smell terrible/the ends of fingers… affect health/become breathless/unable to enjoy sport/cause lung cancer/ fire/ air pollution/It’s a waste of money…
You’d better…/ I think you ought to../ Perhaps you should…/ I suggest that you…/ It would be a good idea to…/ You should not…/ You don’t have to…/ Don’t forget to…/ It is not a good idea to…
Homework
1. Search for more information about smoking and share with your classmates
2. Read the text and underline difficult language points. Preview them by reading《长江学案》.

作者:刘颖 王会明 来源:本站原创 发布时间:2014年06月03日